Donizetti, Gaetano

   An astonishingly prolific 19th-century composer, Gaetano Donizetti was born to a poor family in Bergamo in November 1797. With the help of a talented music teacher, Simone Mayr, Donizetti began to study music. In 1815, he went, at Mayr’s expense, to study in Bologna; on his return in 1817, he was contracted to write operas for the stage (opera was then a popular art form). His first efforts, especially Il falegname di Livonia (The Carpenter of Livonia) were popular successes. Chiara e Serafina, his 1822 debut in Milan, was a flop, however. The resilient Donizetti nevertheless bounced back with a string of successful commercial operas performed between 1822 and 1830 in Naples, Palermo, Rome, and Genoa.
   Donizetti moved into a different artistic and commercial league in 1830 when his Ann Boleyn was produced at the Carcano theater in Milan and subsequently in Paris and London. The opera established his European reputation, which was confirmed in 1834 (after a string of lesser works) by his Lucrezia Borgia, which premiered in Milan to public acclaim and subsequently was staged in Paris. In 1835, he collaborated with the librettist Salvatore Cammarano to write Lucia di Lammermoor, the work for which he is today most remembered and which he wrote in a mere 36 days. He was by now one of the most famous composers in Europe, as well-regarded in Naples, Paris, and Vienna as in Milan or Venice. Donizetti’s beloved wife died in 1837. He subsequently contracted syphilis, and this brought on increasing mental instability and eventually a stroke that left the composer paralyzed for the last two years of his life. Donizetti died in Bergamo in April 1848.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Donizetti, Gaetano — ▪ Italian opera composer Introduction in full  Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti  born Nov. 29, 1797, Bergamo, Cisalpine Republic died April 8, 1848, Bergamo, Lombardy, Austrian Empire  Italian opera composer whose numerous operas in both Italian… …   Universalium

  • Donizetti,Gaetano — Don·i·zet·ti (dŏn ĭ zĕtʹē, dō nē dzĕtʹtē), Gaetano. 1797 1848. Italian composer of some 75 operas, including Lucia di Lammermoor (1835). * * * …   Universalium

  • Donizetti, Gaetano — ► (1797 1848) Compositor italiano. Escribió más de sesenta óperas: Lucía de Lammermoor (1835), Elixir de amor (1832), entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Donizetti, Gaetano —  (1797–1848) Italian composer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Donizetti — Donizetti, Gaetano …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gaetano Donizetti — Portrait de Donizetti par Giuseppe Rillosi (1811 1880) Museo del Teatro alla Scala Nom de naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Donizetti — Gaetano Donizetti Gaetano Donizetti Naissance 29 novembre 1797 Bergame …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Gaëtano Donizetti — Gaëtano Donizetti, Lithografie von Joseph Kriehuber, 1842 Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (* 29. November 1797 in Bergamo, heute Italien; † 8. April 1848 ebenda) war ein italienischer Komponist. Er zählt zu den wichtigsten Opernkomponisten des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gaetano Rossi — (* 18. Mai 1774 in Verona; † 25. Januar 1855 ebenda) war ein italienischer Schriftsteller, der Libretti für die Opern für mehrere Komponisten schrieb, darunter: Mayr, Rossini, Donizetti und Meyerbeer. Biografie Geboren in Verona, schrieb Rossi… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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